Causes and Treatments of Prostatitis and Pelvic Pain
Prostatitis is swelling of Sex Prostatitis prostate gland. Prostate tissue becomes inflamed. This problem can be caused by an infection with bacteria. Ongoing irritation of the prostate that is not caused by bacteria is called chronic nonbacterial prostatitis. Any bacteria that can cause a urinary tract infection can cause acute bacterial prostatitis.
Infections spread through sexual contact can cause prostatitis. These include chlamydia and gonorrhea. Sexually transmitted infections STIs are more likely to occur from:. In men Sex Prostatitis age 35, E coli and other common bacteria most often cause prostatitis. This type of prostatitis may begin in the:. Men age 50 or older Sex Prostatitis have an enlarged prostate have a higher risk Sex Prostatitis prostatitis. The prostate gland Sex Prostatitis become Sex Prostatitis.
This makes it easier for bacteria to grow. Symptoms of chronic prostatitis can be similar to symptoms Sex Prostatitis an enlarged prostate gland. Symptoms of chronic Sex Prostatitis are similar, but not as severe. They often begin more slowly. Some people have no symptoms between episodes of prostatitis. If prostatitis occurs with an infection in or around the testicles epididymitis or orchitisyou may also have Sex Prostatitis of that condition.
The provider may perform a digital rectal exam to examine your prostate. During this exam, the provider inserts a Sex Prostatitis, gloved finger into your rectum. The exam should be done very gently to reduce the risk of spreading bacteria into the blood stream. Urine samples may be collected for urinalysis and urine culture. Prostatitis Sex Prostatitis affect the results of the prostate-specific antigen PSAa blood test to screen for prostate cancer.
Often, the infection will not go away, even after taking antibiotics for a long time. Your symptoms may come back when you stop the medicine. If your swollen prostate gland makes it hard to empty your bladder, you may need a tube to empty it. The tube may be inserted through Sex Prostatitis abdomen suprapubic catheter or through your penis indwelling catheter.
Get checked by your provider after you finish taking your antibiotic treatment to make sure the infection is gone. Not all types of prostatitis can be prevented. Practice safe sex behaviors. Ferri FF. In: Ferri FF, ed. Ferri's Clinical Advisor Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; Prostatitis, epididymitis, and orchitis.
Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; chap Disorders of the prostate. Essential Surgery: Problems, Diagnosis and Management. Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate. Updated July Accessed September 27, Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Editorial team. Prostatitis - bacterial. Acute prostatitis starts quickly. Long-term chronic prostatitis lasts for 3 months or more. Sexually transmitted infections STIs are more likely to occur from: Certain sexual practices, such as having anal sex without wearing a condom Having many sexual partners In men over age 35, E coli Sex Prostatitis other common bacteria most often cause prostatitis.
This type of prostatitis may begin in the: Epididymis, a small tube that sits on top of the testes. Urethra, the tube that carries urine from your bladder and out through the penis. Sex Prostatitis prostatitis may also be caused by problems with the urethra or prostate, such Sex Prostatitis Blockage that reduces or prevent the flow of urine out of the bladder Foreskin of the penis that cannot be pulled back phimosis Injury to the area between the scrotum and anus Sex Prostatitis Urinary catheterSex Prostatitisor prostate biopsy removing a piece of tissue to look for cancer Men age 50 or older who have an enlarged prostate have a higher risk for prostatitis.
Symptoms can start quickly, and can include: Chills Fever Flushing of the skin Lower stomach tenderness Body aches Symptoms of chronic prostatitis Sex Prostatitis similar, but not as severe.
Urinary symptoms include: Blood in the urine Burning or pain with urination Difficulty starting to urinate or emptying the bladder Foul-smelling urine Weak urine Sex Prostatitis Other symptoms that may occur with this condition: Pain or aching in the abdomen above the pubic bone, in the lower back, in the area between the genitals and anus, or in the testicles Pain with ejaculation or blood in the semen Pain with bowel movements If prostatitis occurs with an infection in or around the testicles epididymitis or orchitisyou may also have symptoms of that condition.
Exams and Tests. During a physical exam, your health care provider may find: Enlarged or tender lymph nodes in your groin Fluid released from your urethra Swollen or tender scrotum The provider may perform a digital rectal exam to examine your prostate. The exam may reveal that the prostate is: Large and soft with a chronic prostate infection Sex Prostatitis, or tender with an Sex Prostatitis prostate Sex Prostatitis Urine samples may be collected for urinalysis and urine culture. Antibiotics are often used Sex Prostatitis treat prostate infections.
For acute prostatitis, you will take antibiotics for 2 to 6 weeks. For chronic prostatitis, you will take antibiotics for Sex Prostatitis least 2 to 6 weeks. Because the infection can come back, you may need to take medicine for up to 12 weeks.
To care for prostatitis at home : Urinate often and completely. Take warm baths to relieve pain. Take stool softeners to make bowel movements more comfortable. Avoid substances that irritate your bladder, such as alcohol, caffeinated foods and drinks, citrus juices, Sex Prostatitis hot or spicy foods. Drink more fluid 64 to ounces or 2 to 4 liters per day to urinate often and help flush bacteria out of your Sex Prostatitis.
Outlook Prognosis. Acute prostatitis should go away with medicine and minor changes to your diet and behavior. It may come back or turn into chronic prostatitis. Possible Complications. Complications may include: Abscess Inability to urinate urinary retention Spread of bacteria from the prostate to Sex Prostatitis bloodstream sepsis Chronic pain or discomfort Inability to have sex sexual dysfunction.
When to Contact a Medical Professional. Call your provider Sex Prostatitis you have symptoms of prostatitis. Alternative Names. Chronic prostatitis - bacterial; Acute prostatitis. Male reproductive anatomy. Prostate Diseases Read more. Health Topics A-Z Read more.