Blasensteine beim Hund
The prostate is considered an accessory sex gland. It is a Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden structure that lies just behind the bladder and under the colon, surrounding the urethra the tube which carries urine from the bladder.
The prostate produces fluid which both nourishes and gives volume to the sperm. This fluid enters the urethra as it courses through the prostate gland. Sperm cells from the testicles mix with the prostatic fluid in the Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden. The urethra then carries the semen through the penis during ejaculation. The prostate gland starts to develop before the male dog reaches puberty.
Testosterone, produced in the testicles, is responsible for the growth of the prostate. It attains its maximum size by about two years of age.
Due to the Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden of testicles and thus testosterone, dogs that are castrated before puberty have very small prostate Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden. Fortunately, prostate cancer is uncommon in dogs. However, when it does occur, it is usually malignantspreading through the Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden to the lymph nodes, liver, lungs, bone or kidneys.
It is usually seen in older dogs 10 years or older. Intact non-castrated and castrated male dogs are equally affected by prostatic cancer. An enlarged prostate may cause signs of straining and pain to urinate and defecate.
Bloody urine may be present. In cases where the cancer has spread, weight loss, lack of appetite and lethargy are present. Advanced cases involving metastasis spread of cancer to the Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden may show signs of back pain and pelvic weakness are noted.
All mature dogs should have a prostatic examination annually. This is performed by your veterinarian inserting a gloved finger in the rectum and palpating feeling the prostate.
A castrated male should have a small prostate. If enlarged, prostate cancer is most likely. Dogs that are not castrated may have enlarged prostates from benign hyperplasia or prostatitis see article on prostate enlargement. In these cases, a urinalysis should be performed to look for cancerous cells. Radiographs Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden ultrasonography of the prostate, abdomen and chest will aid in diagnosis and check for spread of the disease.
A fine needle aspirate or biopsy can be used to confirm the diagnosis. There is no cure for prostate cancer in dogs. Other treatment are available if the cancer has not spread. These treatments, which are expensive and only available at referral hospitals or universities, include:. Because there is no cure for prostate cancer, the prognosis is poor. In most cases, the cancer has already spread to other organs by the time it is diagnosed. Most dogs die within months of diagnosis.
The information offered by enpevet Ltd. Thus, the information serves as an addition to Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden dialogue between pet owner and veterinarian, but can never replace the visit to the veterinarian.
If you have any questions regarding the health of your animal, we recommend that you turn to your trusted veterinarianinstead of starting, changing or breaking off treatments on your own. Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden Of Animal Diseases. Twittern Read and write comments. General information. Cardinal symptom. These treatments, which are expensive and only available at referral hospitals or universities, include: Radiation : Prostata-Tumoren bei Hunden help shrink the tumor and alleviate clinical signs.
Chemotherapy : can be used in combination with radiation to decrease tumor size and reduce inflammation. Prostatectomy : surgical removal of the prostate. This is a very difficult surgery to perform and is usually not recommended.
There is no prevention of prostate cancer. Join the discussion! Write a comment.