Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
The prostate gland is a part of the male reproductive system that can enlarge with age, putting uncomfortable pressure on the urethra. This can cause urinary difficulties, urinary tract infections UTIsand even bladder stones. By making lifestyle changes and using medication, most men can reduce their urinary troubles. A few men, though, may need to consider minimally invasive or traditional surgery options to feel their best.
This article was co-authored by Janice Litza, MD. Categories: Prostate Cancer. Learn why people trust wikiHow. There are 20 references cited in this article, which cyst Größe der Prostata be found at the bottom of the page.
Reduce the amount of caffeine, soda, and alcohol you consume. Cut down on cyst Größe der Prostata amount of coffee, tea, soda, and alcoholic beverages you drink every week. Carbonation cyst Größe der Prostata caffeine can irritate the bladder, worsening urinary symptoms.
Drink less liquid in the 2 hours before bed. Avoid drinking excess liquid in the evenings before you go to sleep. Going to bed with an empty bladder can help you avoid urinary discomfort and frequent urges overnight. Men should aim to drink Eat fiber-rich cyst Größe der Prostata to encourage regularity. Eat more fiber-rich foods, such as fruit with the skin on, vegetables, lentils, nuts, and beans, to ward off constipation.
Constipation can worsen enlarged prostate symptoms and put additional pressure on your bladder. While fiber supplements are safe, they can cause constipation. Aim to get your fiber from your diet rather than supplements whenever possible. Try the double-voiding technique to empty your bladder fully.
Avoid straining or pushing. This can help you empty your cyst Größe der Prostata fully and reduce the frequency of UTIs. Consult your doctor about side effects of your current medications. Talk to your doctor if you notice urinary troubles after starting another medication for an unrelated condition. Certain decongestants and antidepressants may aggravate urinary symptoms or cause prostate enlargement. Avoid stopping any prescribed medication without consulting your doctor.
Recognize the symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Look for a weak stream of urine, dribbling at the end of urination, or an increased need to urinate at night. You may also have difficulty starting urination or need to strain to empty your bladder. If you notice these symptoms, make an appointment with your cyst Größe der Prostata for an official diagnosis.
Try alpha-blockers if you have trouble urinating. Talk to your doctor about alpha-blockers, which cyst Größe der Prostata relax muscles around the bladder and prostate.
These drugs help increase the flow of urine when you use the bathroom and keep you from needing to urinate too frequently. The good news is, they typically help relieve symptoms within a few weeks. Take alpha-blockers, like tamsulosin, as directed by your doctor.
Most alpha-blockers are safe to take with other medications. Consult your pharmacist for any potential drug interactions with your current medication regimen. Explore enzyme-inhibitors if you have a very enlarged prostate. Ask your doctor if enzyme-inhibitors, like finasteride and dutasteride, would be a good fit for your symptoms.
These drugs shrink prostate tissue to reduce urinary problems and are often most effective on severely enlarged prostates. Like alpha-blockers, dizziness is the most common side effect. Talk to your pharmacist to make sure your enzyme-inhibitor will not interact negatively with your current medication regimen.
Try Tadalafil if you have erectile dysfunction ED. Talk to your doctor about Tadalafil, an erectile cyst Größe der Prostata drug, which has shown to be effective at also relieving urinary symptoms from an enlarged prostate. While you do not have to have ED to try Tadalafil, an enlarged prostate and ED are both common in aging men.
If you suffer from both, this drug could resolve multiple symptoms. The most common are back pain and headaches. Discuss what to expect with your doctor. Tadalafil is not recommended with some other medications, including nitroglycerin.
Consult your pharmacist for any potential drug interactions that may affect you. Discuss TUMT with your doctor if you have trouble with straining, urgency, or intermittent urine flow.
This in-office procedure uses microwaves to destroy select portions cyst Größe der Prostata prostate tissue that are causing urinary blockages. Ask your doctor about TUNA, which destroys problematic tissue with high-frequency radio waves for a better flow of urine. The procedure involves needles being inserted directly into the prostate to target tissue compressing the urethra. Local anesthesia is used to manage pain.
Some side effects are possible after the procedure, including painful or frequent urination for a few weeks. Talk to your doctor about a prostatic stent, which is a small coil inserted into the urethra to keep it open. They can also be difficult to remove if they are problematic. Discuss more invasive surgical options, if needed. Talk over surgical options with your doctor if your cyst Größe der Prostata are not well-managed on medication or after minimally invasive procedures.
While surgical procedures can sound intimidating, they often provide the most complete symptom relief. Your doctor can discuss the best surgical options for you given your urinary symptoms and medical history.
Depending upon your age and fertility needs after the surgery, your doctor may present different options for treating your enlarged prostate. Common surgical options include prostatectomy, laser surgery, and transurethral incision or resection of the prostate. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Be cautious of herbal therapies. Some herbs, such as saw palmetto and pygeum, are cyst Größe der Prostata to be helpful in treating an enlarged prostate.
Co-Authored By:. Janice Litza, MD. Co-authors: 6. Updated: March 29, Related Articles.